OIS vs EIS: What’s the Difference and Which One is Better?

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Asif Ahmed
Asif Ahmedhttp://techtippr.com
Founder and Cheif Editor of Techtippr, Get in touch with me on Twitter or Enjoy my Stories on Instagram. I think they are interesting. :-)

Capturing sharp, blur-free photos and videos requires keeping your camera steady. Both optical and electronic image stabilization help reduce shake, but work in different ways. Here is an in-depth look at how the two stabilization technologies compare.

What is Optical Image Stabilization?

Optical image stabilization (OIS) is a hardware solution that physically moves lens elements to offset camera shake. Here’s how it works:

  • Gyroscope sensors inside the camera detect tilt and motion.
  • Special actuators can tilt or shift lens elements on two axes.
  • When camera shake is detected, lenses shift in the opposite direction to stabilize.

By stabilizing the optics internally, OIS allows slower shutter speeds without blur from handshake. It works for both photos and videos.

OIS has no image quality penalty since stabilization happens optically. But the gyroscopes and actuators require space, adding size and cost.

Watch the Video Explanation

What is Electronic Image Stabilization?

Electronic image stabilization (EIS) uses a software technique to smooth out video footage. It has two main steps:

  • Analyzing pixel data across frames to detect camera shake.
  • Shifting the video frame position slightly to compensate for shake.

Rather than moving optics, EIS shifts the digital video content itself. This introduces a minor crop, resulting in some potential image quality loss.

EIS relies on processing power rather than physical components. So it’s easy to implement in smartphones and video editing apps.

Comparing OIS and EIS

Here is a comparison table for Optical Image Stabilization (OIS) vs Electronic Image Stabilization (EIS):

FeatureOptical Image StabilizationElectronic Image Stabilization
How it WorksPhysically shifts lens elements to offset camera shakeDigitally shifts video frames to offset shake
Based OnHardware (gyroscopes and actuators)Software algorithm
StabilizesStill photos and videoMainly video
Quality Loss?NoMinor loss from digital processing
Effective ForLow light & slow shutter photosSmoothing minor bumps in video
Found InLenses, camera modulesSmartphone and camera processors

The takeaway? OIS is critical for crystal clear handheld photos. But combining both OIS and EIS gives the smoothest, steadiest video possible.

Best Smartphones with OIS Feature?

If you are looking for a smartphone for better photography and mobile film-making, you should check these smartphones.

  • iPhone 14 Pro
  • Samsung Galaxy S23 Ultra
  • Sony XPeria 1 V 5G

Affordable Smartphones with OIS Feature

Since not everyone will is willing to invest $1000+ in a smartphone, I have curated a list of affordable smartphones that have has got the OIS feature for better videos. Check out this article to find your next smartphone with OIS feature.

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